It’s Normal For Children To Have Trouble Focusing And Behaving From Time To Time. Children With ADHD Do Not Outgrow These Behaviors.
What is ADHD
ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopment disorders of childhood. According to the Centers For Disease Control And Prevention (CDC) It is estimated that 8.4% of children and 2.5% of adults have ADHD. The number of children between the ages of 3 and 17 with ADHD is roughly 6 million.
A diagnosis of ADHD is based on the presence of persistent symptoms that have occurred over a period of time and are noticeable continuously for at least six months. An ADHD diagnosis is typically made by a pediatrician or a child psychologist. To have a diagnosis of ADHD, the symptoms must be present before the child is 12 years old and must have caused difficulties in more than one setting. This simply means that the symptoms do not only occur at home. While ADHD first presents in childhood, it very often lasts into adulthood.
Children with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, be overactive or have trouble with impulse control. While it is completely normal for children to have trouble focusing and behaving from time to time, children with ADHD do not grow out of these behaviors. These symptoms tend to get worse and can be severe causing difficulty and school, home and with friends. In adulthood the difficulties can manifest as low self-esteem, relationship issues, and behavior that can interfere with professional goals. Many adults with ADHD do not even know they have the disorder.
ADHD Presents In Three Different Ways
The first and most common type of ADHD children present with is ADHD, Combined Type. It is characterized by both impulsive and hyperactive behaviors as well as inattention and distractibility. As you can imagine, a child with combined type ADHD fidgets a lot, can’t sit still, can’t pay attention. They may have trouble falling asleep, they may interrupt others and grab things from others. They also may have more accidents than others. They have difficulty with impulse control and may have difficulty remembering details of daily routines.
The least common type, ADHD, Impulsive/Hyperactive is characterized by impulsive and hyperactive behaviors without inattention and distractibility.
The third type, ADHD, Inattentive and Distractible Type is characterized predominately by inattention and distractibility without hyperactivity.
The Role of Psychotherapy in the Treatment of ADHD
Psychotherapy plays an important role in the treatment of ADHD. There are many types of psychotherapy that will be useful depending on the age of the person, whether it is a child or an adult and the severity of the disorder. For starters, psychotherapy can help decrease impulsivity. For children, play therapy can be particularly helpful along with emotional facilitation to help build emotional intelligence, overcome impulsivity, and manage stress.
Here at Serenity Wellness & Counseling we employ several psychotherapeutic methods for ADHD. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is very effective when used with children, while Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) has proven to be very effective with adults with ADHD. We also use music and art therapy for treating children.
Is Behavioral Therapy An Effective Treatment For ADHD?
Behavior therapy has been a very effective treatment for children with ADHD. It can improve a child’s behavior, self-control, and self-esteem, and is most effective in young children when it is delivered by parents. Behavioral therapy also helps parents and caregivers of the child with ADHD develop constructive ways to respond to the child. In fact, when a preschool-age child is first diagnosed with ADHD, behavioral strategies, including behavior therapy is a recommended first approach for both the parents and the child. Behavioral therapy can help a child with ADHD develop or enhance a wide range of skill to manage challenges related to behavior.
The CDC notes that parent training and behavioral training in young children with ADHD can help with symptoms.
Whether you are a parent with a child diagnosed with ADHD or are an adult living with this disorder, here at Serenity Wellness & Counseling we provide caring treatments that will help develop new ways of managing stress and impulse control. To begin your journey of learning new skills that lead to empowerment, you can call me at 281-944-SWCC for a free 15-minute phone consultation. I look forward to working with you and/or your child.
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